Sump Pump Installation Instructions in 4 Steps! A Remedy for Your Basement!
Underground water is vital for plants growth and extremely dangerous for houses and other buildings. Extreme dampness in the basement may lead to concrete and bricks becoming fragile and losing their hard structure, thus threatening damage and even destruction to the whole building above. This DIY guide describes how to install a sump pump in 5 easy steps, allowing you to deal with that problem.
Choosing the Model
The first questions you are to ask are – “What model do I need? How much is it? What volume of water do I need to drain to the sewer? Do I want a manual control or an automated system?” After answering these and examining the commercials, you will be able to search through the list of offers for the best brand for your needs. If you are not sure what pump to choose, review the feedback of other customers to make up your mind.
While you are free to locate the pump wherever you want, it would be better to place in near the wall to ease the flow of water outdoors. The location should allow easy sump pump replacement, yet should not be an obstacle for moving around, so feel free to crawl the space and choose the best position available. Some units utilize standard power source and have to be placed not further than 1.5 m from the jack, while some operate from batteries. So choose the place according to your common sense and installer’s guide.
Measure the diameter of your sump tank and add 5-10 cm to it to form a gap, which will be later filled with gravel and concrete. That would be the diameter of your sump pit. Remember to place it at least 20-25 cm from the wall in order to avoid foundation damage. Dig the pit at least 1 m deep using the tools available (electrical or compressed air jackhammer is the best choice).
Installing the Systems
The pit itself should be at least 30 cm deeper than the tank. Fill that empty space with gravel to form drainage and support for the sump tank, which top end should be on one level with the basement floor. Drill multiple holes in the tank to allow water in. They should be smaller than the gravel to avoid it getting in and damaging the pump.
Install the outlet pipes according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Now place the pump into the pit liner and secure it. In case your basement suffers an intensive water flood, you may want some additional backup pumps installed. In that case installing some alarm system is highly advised, otherwise ignorance may cost you quite a sum.
Attaching the Switches and Power
The float that activates the pump switch should be able to lift and lower with the water without being stuck. Placing it in the center is highly recommended. Do not forget to place cover over the pit in order to protect the pump from mud and dirt falling into the liner and to reduce the noise level. The power cord should be reliable enough to avoid bad power supply, resulting in overheating and damaging the pump.
In case you chose the automatic setup, the float will follow the water level and turn the pump on and off automatically. The system will require little to no maintenance (mostly checking if the liner and the pipes are clear).
We hope this sump pump installation guide will be of good use to you and allow you to get rid of that dampness problem forever. Give it a try! Read more about sump pump reviews.