Sump Pump Repair & Maintenance | Do-It-Yourself Instructions
Very often, especially when the snow starts to melt or the rains start falling, you may experience the problem of a flooded basement in your homes. Unfortunately, it’s a common problem, but, helpfully, this problem has its ready solution, called a <!–more–>sump pump. It’s a special pump capable of keeping your basement from flooding by simply removing the water accumulated in a sump pit. But what to do when your flooding prevention device is out of order and a repair is needed? This question has already been answered in our below-mentioned Do-It-Yourself Instructions.
Sump Pump System: Purpose & Classification
The primary purpose of a typical sump pump is to drain water where basement flooding is a regular occasion and to remedy moisture where the house foundation is below the water table. The whole procedure would be in removing the water from a house and sending it away to any non-problematic place (dry well or storm drain).
What concerns sump pump system classification, there’re two main sump pump types: submersible (inside sump mounted (sealed) motor prevents electrical short circuits) and pedestal (above sump mounted motor makes easy servicing).
Repair & Maintenance Guide: Problems Diagnosis
Sump pump is nothing but a mechanical device that will eventually fail, thus leading to both: flooded basement and costly repair. That’s why sump pumps and sump basins must be maintained on a regular basis, at least once a year. Typically, it means sump pump examining and cleaning from dirt, gravel, sand etc., that may badly influence on the pump’s efficiency and running time. Fortunately, repair and maintenance is not as costly or timely as one may think, and here’s the list of most common pump parts to be checked and fixed:
- float (the most vital and vulnerable part that rises in the sump pit together with water, thus triggering the pump to start the water out-of-the-pit pulling procedure);
- sump pit (regularly clean out the pit by removing any loose items, debris);
- check valve (when the water poured into the sump pit just returns to it without triggering the pump and being removed, the check valve needs replacement: just loosen steel straps (use flathead screwdriver) or, if glued or welded, cut the pipe close to the valve (use hacksaw) and discard it, then slide two flexible couplings (over the pump connecting pipe and drain connecting pipe) and insert a new valve (direct-of-flow arrow should face away from the pump);
- impeller (if it’s jammed: before removing the pump from the pit, unplug and disconnect it from the piping, remove the pump’s housing to get access to the screen and impeller, rinse the screen, remove any debris, clean the pit and reinstall the pump);
- electricity (if problem with electrical supply: check the pump for proper plugging as well as the circuit breaker).
So, as you may see, maintenance can be an easy task to accomplish. The only thing you’ll need is to follow the guide describing the most common sump pumps problems, alongside with its repair and maintenance procedures.
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